Apr 18, 2012

TOEFL or IELTS ?


By Walton Burns

Admissions

The IELTS test is administrated by the British Councils, the University of Cambridge, and IELTS Australia. That is to say, it is associated with the British government and traditionally was used by British universities, as well as New Zealand and Australian universities to determine the language capability of foreign students. TOEFL is administered by ETS, a US-based non-profit and is used widely by American and Canadian universities. However, these days, in order to make it easy on international students, universities all over the world take both TOEFL and IELTS. While you should check with the specific university you want to apply to, in general any school in the US, the UK, Australia or New Zealand will take either test score. So that’s one worry off your mind. Pick the test you think will be easier for you to complete. To do that, you probably need to know the structure of each exam.

Structure of the TOEFL

As of last year, official TOEFL is almost universally given in the iBT (Internet Based Testing) format. It consists of four sections:

Reading
The TOEFL Reading section asks you to read 4-6 passages of university level and to answer multiple-choice questions about them (multiple-choice means you choose the answer from provided options). Questions test you on comprehension of the text, main ideas, important details, vocabulary, inferring, rhetorical devices and style.

Listening
The Listening Section presents long 2-3 conversations and 4-6 lectures. The situations are always related to university life i.e. a conversation between a student and a librarian about finding research materials or a lecture from a history class. The questions are multiple choice and ask you about important details, inferences, tone, and vocabulary. The conversations and lectures are very natural and include informal English, interruptions, filler noises like “uh” or “Uhm.”

Speaking
The Speaking section is recorded. You will speak into a microphone and a grader will listen to your answers at a later date and grade you. Two questions will be on familiar topics and ask you to give your opinion and/or describe something familiar to you, like your town or your favorite teacher. Two questions will ask you to summarize information from a text and a conversation–and may ask your opinion as well. Two questions will ask you to summarize information from a short conversation. Again, the topics of the conversations are always university-related.

Writing
Finally, there are two short essays on the TOEFL. One will ask you to write your opinion on a broad topic, such as whether it is better to live in the country or the city. One will ask you to summarize information from a text and a lecture–often the two will disagree with each other and you will need to either compare and contrast, or synthesize conflicting information.

IELTS Structure
The IELTS contains the same 4 sections, Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing, but the format is very different.

Reading
The reading section of the IELTS gives you 3 texts, which may be from academic textbooks or from a newspaper or magazine–but all at the level of a university student. One will always be an opinion piece–i.e. a text arguing for one point of view. The variety of questions on the IELTS is quite broad, and not every text will have every question type. One question type asks you to match headings to paragraphs in the text. You may be asked to complete a summary of the passage using words from the text. Or you may have to fill in a table or chart or picture with words from the text. There may be multiple-choice questions that ask you about key details. One of the hardest question types presents statements and asks you whether these statements are true, false or not included in the text. You may also be asked to match words and ideas. Finally, some questions are short-answer but the answers will be taken directly from the text itself.
Some questions come before the text and may not require careful reading to answer. Others come after the text and may expect you to have read the text thoroughly.

Listening
The IELTS has four listening sections. The first is a “transactional conversation” in which someone may be applying for something (a driver’s license, a library card) or asking for information (say calling for more details about an advertisement or a hotel). The second section is an informational lecture of some kind, possibly a dean explaining the rules of the university. Third is a conversation in an academic context and the final section will be an academic lecture. For all sections you may be asked to fill out a summary, fill in a table, answer multiple-choice questions, label a diagram or picture, or classify information into different categories. You will be expected to fill out answers as you listen.

Writing
There are two writing tasks on the academic IELTS. The first asks you to summarize a table or chart in about 300 words. You will have to identify important information, compare and contrast different figures or maybe describe a process. The second task asks you to present your opinion on a statement about a fairly open topic such as: “Women should look after children and not work” or “Too many people are moving to cities and rural areas are suffering.”

Speaking
Finally, the speaking section will be held on a different day from the rest of the test and in the presence of a trained interviewer. The questions are the same for all examinees but some parts may be more in the form of a conversation than a monologue. The first part of the test will be a brief introductory conversation followed by some short questions about familiar topics. The interviewer may ask your name, your job, what kinds of sports you like, what your daily routine is, and so on. In the second part, you will be given a card with a topic and a few specific questions to address. You will have to speak for two minutes on this topic, which may be about your daily routine, the last time you went to the movies, your favorite part of the world or a similar familiar topic. In the last section, the interviewer will ask you to discuss a more abstract side of the topic in part 2–why do people prefer daily routines? Why do people like the movies? How does travel affect local life?

Which is Better for Me?

So now you have some understanding of what each test involves, but you might be wondering which is better for you. Maybe in reading about the structure, you thought, “Wow TOEFL sounds so easy,” or, “Oh the IELTS sounds like it’s kind of fun!” That might be a good sign that one test will be easier for you than the other. More concretely, there are a couple of key differences between the tests.

British versus American English

While both the UK and the US accept both tests, and while British English and American English are not as different as some think, the fact of the matter is the IELTS tends to use British English and the TOEFL uses exclusively American English. On the IELTS, this difference will have a larger effect because spelling counts, and that is one area where Britain and the US do not always see eye-to-eye. Obviously if you have problems with the British accent (and the test may include a wide variety of accents, including Australian, New Zealand, Irish and Scottish). On the other hand, American accents may throw you off. Certain terms are also different and you don’t want to waste time in your speaking test asking what a flat or a lorry is. So whether you are used to British or American English is certainly a factor. If you are more comfortable with US English, the TOEFL is a good bet but if you are used to British English and accents, you’ll do better on the IELTS.

Multiple choice versus Copying Down
For the reading and listening sections, TOEFL gives you multiple-choice questions, whereas IELTS generally expects you to copy down words from the text or the conversation word-for-word. Multiple-choice questions will tend to be require slightly better abstract thinking, but the IELTS favors people who have good memories and think more concretely. The good thing about multiple-choice is that it is easy to pick out wrong answers, whereas the good thing about copying down is that the answer is sitting there in the text. You just have to find it and repeat it. So, concrete thinkers will tend to do better on the IELTS and abstract thinkers will tend to excel on the TOEFL.

Predictable or Different Every Time
Of course, the TOEFL is also more predictable than the IELTS. The IELTS throws lots of different question types at you, and the instructions are often slightly different every time. That makes it harder to prepare for. The TOEFL, on the other hand, is pretty much the same test every time–pick A, B, C, D, or E. On the other hand, the IELTS certainly keeps you on your toes and that can keep you more alert.

Speaking to a Person or a Computer?
Another large difference is in how the speaking section is carried out. For some people, it’s very relaxing to just record your answers into a computer because it feels like no one is listening. You just try your best and forget about it until you get your grades. Because the IELTS test is done in an interview format with a native speaker present, you might get nervous or feel you are being judged. And they take notes: Oh God, did he write down something good or something bad? On the other hand, you might feel more relaxed in a conversation, with a person there to explain if you don’t understand a question, or simply having a face to look at, instead of a computer screen. Getting feedback from a native speaker can be helpful too, in order to correct mistakes and improve during the test. So it depends on what you are more comfortable with. If you like talking to people, the IELTS is a better bet. If you just want to be alone and not feel judged, the TOEFL will be more comfortable for you.

Holistic versus Criteria
Finally, the speaking and writing sections of the TOEFL are graded holistically. The grader gives you a score based on the overall quality of the essay, including vocabulary, logic, style, and grammar. The IELTS by contrast is marked by individual criteria and you are scored individually for grammar, word choice, fluency, logic, cohesion, and a dozen other criteria. In other words, if you write well but have a lot of small grammar mistakes, your TOEFL score might be quite good because graders will ignore small mistakes if the overall essay is logical and detailed. The IELTS will not overlook bad grammar. On the other hand, if your grammar and vocabulary are strong but you have trouble expressing your opinion or organizing an essay, you could end up with a low TOEFL score but the IELTS will give you good marks for language use. So while it may sound like the IELTS is much tougher since it grades you on everything, in fact you can get quite a good score if you are strong in a number of areas. The TOEFL emphasizes the ability to put together a logical and detailed argument (or summary) and looks at clarity, word choice, and style above all. If you don’t feel comfortable writing essays but you think you have excellent grammar and vocabulary and overall are a decent writer, the IELTS will probably be easier for you.

I hope this essay was helpful in making your choice. In any case, I recommend you go to the websites of IELTS and TOEFL and get some more detail on each test, and also try out some practice problems on your own.
http://www.ielts.org and http://www.toefl.org

Walton Burns is an English language teacher and university placement consultant in Astana, Kazakhstan. Check out his blog with more advice for international students and English language learners at http://englishadvantage.blogspot.com and his website at http://english.zendurl.com for games, lesson plans, tests and other cool stuff!
Article Source: EArticles

Quote from web
Hello everybody. I took both IELTS and TOEFL(IELTS: listening-7.5, writing-7.0, speaking-7.5 nad reading:7.0. In total:7.0 I havent recieved TOEFL score yet) so here are my impressions( i would like to describe each section of one test and compare it to respective one in another and give my honest opinion):

Let me start with listening:
As you know in IELTS it consisitsof 4 sections and 10 questions inn each. You have time to read questions before you listen. This structure is quite simple, and you can spend less energy on each question. However, in TOEFL, you are given slightly more questions but more situations. So i thought in this section TOEFL was more difficult.

Speaking. Speaking to microphone(conversation with computer) in TOEFL, for me was more complicated for several reasons:
1. Microphone itself was not of good qualiti and i had to halfy close it with hands.
2. Some other students were talking when i was trying to do the same.
In IELST test you are given separete room with examiner(HUMAN). They are trained to make you feel as if you are talking to one of your friends.

By now :IELTS :2 TOEFL: 0

Reading: Here i’d prefer TOEFL to IELTS also for some reasons:
1. Reading passages are not so long
2. Question types.

Writing:
Absolute winner, in my opinion, is TOEFL IBT. let me explain why:
First of all you type essays instead of writing it by hand. As a result you can easily correct it or reorgonize without changing the visiual impression.
secondly, you are given plenty of time(so if you can type quickly it is big plus)

Conclusion: Everything i have written is only my opinion of both tests and i hope that my ” review will be helpful for some of you in future.



HELLO!!!
Ok, guys, I have taken toefl and ielts both. In toefl my score was 85, ibt. Ielts was 8.5 Now, why ielts over toefl:
- Reading is definitely easier in toefl, BUT you are flooded with questions. Sometimes, you will get 6 passages instead of 4. And I was the lucky one to get 6 passages but all my friends got 4. Ielts is little bit harder than toefl but just 40 questions and just 3 passage. But remember in ielts you have got variety of questions but don’t worry you can do it, if you practice.

-Listening definitely IELTS, omg ielts listening is VERY easy. You can look question before hearing the recording. SO ielts for listening.

-Writing is also IELTS it’s EASIER than toefl. Like, trust me guys, toefl INTEGRATED writing sucks! you have to listen read and then write your points. In ielts it;s so EASY!!! nothing like that very SIMPLE!!

-Speaking 100 percent IELTS , I personally found so weird to speak to microphone. There are many reasons i mean like how can they score us just hearing our voice? what about gestures and expression. Toefl speaking is NOT good at all.

Conclusion is: IELTS actually test you your real english ability, it will sharpen you so much. You will find tremendous improve in yourself after giving IELTS, toefl is like nothing , you are giving exam in an idiot box, lol.
GOOD LUCK and go for IELTS!!!


hey. i have taken toefl and now i want prepare ielts. In order to i compeared and i sow that ielts is easier than Toel.
1. ielts reading is easy i do not mean the question i mean the text is easy.
2. ielts listening is lower than toefl listening. but there is a bad thing. in ielts exam you will not be given headphone
3. ielts speaking is easy. In order to it is difficult to speak to microphone and you will get anxious. However in ielts speaking you will speak with teacher. In addition in toefl your time will be limited but in ielts you can speak 1 or 2 minutes.http://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif
4. writing the essay bot of them is same. In fact both of them you will write essay as we know about one topic. here the ielts is easy in order to ielts test takrer wants 250 words but toefl test taker wants 300 words.http://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif
the second part of the writing toefl is easy for me. in fact i used to do it. but some people say that ielts writing is easy.
at last if a person wants to to take toefl the exam will be 4 hours and in this time the person will be getting tired. however ielts is not like this. the speaking section will be another day and others will be another day. soo take ielts i have taken toefl and i am regret. i did not get good score. i failed because of god damn 4 hours. i lost my consentration and i had headache. LEYLA FROM AZERBAIJAN


This table might help you as well http://secure.vec.bc.ca/toefl-equivalency-table.cfm

Apr 15, 2012

How to Improve Alexa Ranking

I'm not doing anything to improve my Alexa Ranking, in fact I dont really care about it and dont know how on earth Alexa use their own algorithm to rank your blog or website. Until one day I receive this email:

Alexa Drop

ok see I quote again
"the sites need to be under 1,300,000"
, WHAT!!!... adusss ..... I just lost the opportunities for advertising deal. To get a good alexa rank, it is not an instant task. You need to wait for several weeks or even months for that. So to me now better Alexa Ranking is a must. Before this I'm focusing more to be in a good Google PR (PageRank), right now I must do it for both.

Alexa
is a subsidiary company of Amazon.com that collects information about all the websites on the World Wide Web and ranked them on the basis of the traffic they get. It shows statistic data about the websites like traffic rank, website’s reach, page views, search analytics, related links, and many more. So simply by following these steps you can improve your site’s alexa ranking:

  1. Download Alexa toolbar to your system (For each browser you use) and set your website as default home page for your browsers and also encourage your friends to do so.
  2. Write reviews on alexa for your website.
  3. Claim your site on alexa and update its title and description.
  4. Put an alexa rank widget on your website.
  5. Try to bring webmasters and SEOs to your site because most of them have alexa toolbar installed on their system.
  6. Promote your articles on webmaster forums and social networking sites.

Apr 10, 2012

Set a releven keyword for Chitika in WordPress

In Chitika, you must set your own categories / keywords that you want to show ads, not like Google Adsense to display relevant ads automatically.

For example like this, I have 2 posts, one in the Books category and one in category Movies. To display the appropriate ad posts that are in the category Books, Chitika code it like this (here I use the example code for Chitika Related Product Units):


<script type="text/javascript"><!--
ch_client = "YourUserId";
ch_type = "rpu";
ch_noprice = "1";
ch_shufflequeries = 1;
ch_width = 468;
ch_height = 90;
ch_non_contextual = 1;
ch_sid = "NamaChannelAnda";
var ch_queries = new Array( " Books " );
var ch_selected=Math.floor((Math.random()*ch_queries.length));
if ( ch_selected < ch_queries.length ) {
ch_query = ch_queries[ch_selected];
}
//--></script>
<script src="http://scripts.chitika.net/eminimalls/mm.js" type="text/javascript">
</script>


Meanwhile, to display advertisements in accordance with the existing posts in the category "Movies", just change it "Books" in the above code with the "Movies".

Well, every time we have to paste the code into corresponding category, Bother you, ain't it? so how we want to put Chitika code automatically direct fit into the category of each post?

After a few tweaking, I found out how. I'm not good in programming so if there any master programmer or who knows an easier way to do so, please do not laugh on me .. newbieee hehe .. it is also just to show Chitika ads that are relevant in the single post, rather than at home, but can also be used in the archive category.

First, add the following code in the category-template.php file contained in the folder wp-includes:


get_the_category_list_by_jim function () {
$ Categories = get_the_category ();
$ I = 0;
foreach ($ categories as $ category) {
if (0 <$ i)
$ Thelist. = ',';
$ Thelist. = '"'. $ Category-> cat_name. '"';
+ + $ I;
}
;
apply_filters return ('the_category', $ thelist);
}

the_category_by_jim function () {
get_the_category_list_by_jim echo ();
}


Please replace get_the_category_list_by_jim and the_category_by_jim : Grin2: with whatever you want, just do the same with the name of the function that already exists.

Then, in the single.php file (or archive archive.php to category) contained in the folder you use WordPress theme, add the Chitika code is in place you want its ads appear:


<script type="text/javascript"><!--
ch_client = "YourUserId";
ch_type = "rpu";
ch_noprice = "1";
ch_shufflequeries = 1;
ch_width = 468;
ch_height = 90;
ch_non_contextual = 1;
ch_sid = "NamaChannelAnda";
var ch_queries = new Array( <?php the_category_by_jim() ?> );
var ch_selected=Math.floor((Math.random()*ch_queries.length));
if ( ch_selected < ch_queries.length ) {
ch_query = ch_queries[ch_selected];
}
//--></script>
<script src="http://scripts.chitika.net/eminimalls/mm.js" type="text/javascript">
</script>


Remember! Replace the_category_by_jim the name of the function that you have set yourself (if replaced : D ). Done! Now if you look at the page source of your post, its Chitika code on line ch_queries var is in conformity with the category of the post.

How about a post included in multiple categories? Do not worry, all categories are automatically entered So for example your posts in the category Entertainment, Movies, Film and TV, then the results of its Chitika code on the line was already automated ch_queries var like this:


var ch_queries = new Array( "Entertainment", "Movies", "Film", "TV" );


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